3) Oymyakon, Russia: It is the coldest inhabited place on earth. It is a small Russian town having a population of barely 500 people. The winter temperature is an average of -58 degrees.
4) Lut Desert, Iran: the temperature here rises as high as 158 degrees Fahrenheit. According to the locals the name means toasted wheat in Persian, referencing to a story about a whisk of being left here that erupted into flames.